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Homepage > Applications > Online Tutorials
How to Install the VioStor Series NVR in Different Network Environment for Standalone Use?

The VioStor series NVR provides two ports that you can configure failover, load balancing, or standalone functions. If you want to assign different IP settings for each network port, you can login "Network settings-> TCP/IP Configuration" page to configure standalone option. When your network surveillance system VioStor NVR, IP cameras, and PCs are installed behind the router, virtual server, or firewall, you will have to configure port forwarding (port mapping) for some of the IP cameras that use particular ports for MPEG4 image compression. This article demonstrates a few examples about installing the VioStor in different network environment for standalone use.

Note: In standalone mode, the LAN 2 is provided for internal connection among the NVR client, NVR server, and the network cameras. It does not support connection beyond the router.

Application 1:

  1. The IP camera and the PC are in LAN 1.
  2. The IP camera and the PC are in LAN 2.

Situation:

LAN 1:
Router 1 -> Camera 1, Local PC 1, VioStor

LAN 2:
Router 2 -> Camera 2, Local PC 2, VioStor

Please follow the steps below to install the VioStor.

  1. Plan the IP address and the port of the VioStor, the camera, and the PC.
    Network Device IP Address/ Port
    LAN 1
    LAN IP of the router 1 192.168.1.1
    VioStor 192.168.1.100
    Camera 1 192.168.1.101
    Local PC 1 192.168.1.200
    LAN 2 LAN IP of the router 2 172.17.1.1
    VioStor 172.17.1.11
    Camera 2 172.17.1.12
    Local PC 2 172.17.1.100
  2. Install the IP camera. Please refer to the user guide of the IP camera for the network configuration.

Conclusion:

Local PC 1:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 1
Failed Camera 2

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.

Local PC 2:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 2
Failed Camera 1

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.
top

Application 2:

  1. Some IP cameras and the PCs are in LAN 1.
  2. The IP camera and the PC are in LAN 2.
  3. The IP camera is installed in remote location with Public IP.
  4. Allow users to connect the VioStor from remote PC over the Internet.

Situation:

LAN 1:
Router 1-> Camera 1, Local PC 1, VioStor
Router 3-> Camera 3, Local PC 3

LAN 2:
Router 2-> Camera 2, Local PC 2, VioStor

WAN:
Camera 4, Remote PC

Please follow the steps below to install the VioStor.

  1. Plan the IP address and the port of the VioStor, the camera, and the PC.
    Network Device IP Address/ Port Mapped Port (HTTP) on the Router
    LAN 1
    Public IP of the router 1 219.87.144.205  
    LAN IP of the router 1 192.168.1.1  
    VioStor 192.168.1.100:80 219.87.144.205:8000
    Camera 1 192.168.1.101:80 219.87.144.205:8001
    Local PC 1 192.168.1.200  
    Public IP of the router 3 192.168.1.150  
    LAN IP of the router 3 10.8.12.1  
    Camera 3 10.8.12.101:80 192.168.1.150:8002
    Local PC 3 10.8.12.200  
    LAN 2 LAN IP of the router 2 172.17.1.1  
    VioStor 172.17.1.11  
    Camera 2 172.17.1.12  
    Local PC 2 172.17.1.100  
    WAN Camera 4 89.97.5.11  
    Remote PC 89.97.5.100  
  2. Install the IP camera. Please refer to the user guide of the IP camera for the network configuration.
  3. Configure the router/ virtual server/ firewall
    In this application, you have to configure the port mapping or virtual server of the router and forward the ports to the corresponding LAN IP so that the VioStor can save the recording data from the remote IP camera and the remote PC can access the monitoring page over the Internet.
    Note:
    1. Some IP cameras deliver MPEG4 image via the RTSP or RTP ports. If the IP camera is NOT installed behind the router, you have to configure the RTSP and RTP ports on the router and the VioStor so that the VioStor can save the recording data from the IP cameras, e.g. Vivotek, Axis, D-link, GANZ, or LevelOne cameras that support MPEG4 streaming.
    2. In this sample, you must configure the RTP port setting on the router of LAN 1. Please refer to FAQ. 515.
    3. RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol): The protocol for delivering video or audio data.
    4. RTSP (Real-Time Streaming Protocol): The protocol for controlling video or audio streaming media.
  4. Configure the port mapping or virtual server on the Router 1 in LAN 1:
    HTTP port:

    From Forward to
    219.87.144.205:8000 192.168.1.100:80
    219.87.144.205:8001 192.168.1.101:80
    RTP port: Configure the port for VioStor to receive remote video data from the Camera 4
    From Forward to
    219.87.144.205:6100 192.168.1.100:6100
    219.87.144.205:6101 192.168.1.100:6101
    219.87.144.205:6102 192.168.1.100:6102
    :
    :
    :
    :
    :
    :
    219.87.144.205:6259 192.168.1.100:6259
    Note: The default RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol) port range of the VioStor is 6100~6259. Please refer to FAQ. 515.
    The router's port forwarding:

  5. Configure the port mapping on the Router 3 in LAN 1
    HTTP port:
    From Forward to
    192.168.1.150:8002 89.97.5.101:80
    RTSP port: Configure the protocol for controlling video or audio streaming media from the Camera 3
    From Forward to
    192.168.1.150:5001 89.97.5.101:554
    Note:
    Please check the RTSP (Real-Time Streaming Protocol) port of the IP camera before configuring the port mapping on the router.
    Please refer to the user guide of the IP camera for its RTSP port settings.
  6. Install and configure the VioStor
    Enter the IP address of the camera in the "IP address" field of the "Camera Settings" page of the VioStor. Then enter the Public IP and the port number of the camera configured on the router in "WAN IP" and "Port" fields respectively on the "Camera Settings" page of the VioStor.
    1. Enter the settings of the IP cameras in LAN 1.
      Camera 1 "IP Address": 192.168.1.101 port 80
      "WAN IP Address": 219.87.144.205 port 8001

      Camera 3 "IP Address": 192.168.1.150 port 8002/5001
      "WAN IP Address": 10.8.12.101 port 80

      Note:The "Port" field refers to the HTTP and RTSP port. The default number of HTTP port: 80. To specify the RTSP port of the IP camera, add a slash (/) and RTSP port number after the HTTP port number.
    2. Enter the settings of the IP camera in LAN 2.
      Camera 2 "IP Address": 172.17.1.12
    3. Enter the settings of the IP cameras in the Internet.
      Camera 4 "IP Address": 89.97.5.11

Note:

  1. The "IP address" is for the VioStor to acquire the streaming from the VioStor directly and for browsing by LAN users.
  2. The "WAN IP Address" is for remote access to the monitoring page of the VioStor over the Internet. If your IP camera is installed behind the NAT router, enter the public IP address (or URL) and configure the port forwarding correctly.
  • The port 21 must be forwarded on the router in the following two situations:
    1. You use the alarm function of the remote IP camera (the alarm between the VioStor and the camera is delivered by FTP).
    2. You need to login the VioStor by FTP (port 21).
      From Forward to
      219.87.144.205:21 192.168.1.100:21
  • After changing the settings, enter the address in the browser to access the VioStor over the Internet: http:// 219.87.144.205:8000/
  • If you have configured port 80 to VioStor, enter the address to access the VioStor (the default port of HTTP is 80): http:// 219.87.144.205/
  • To use the DDNS service, enter the DDNS settings on the router, but not on the VioStor.

Conclusion:

Local PC 1:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 1, Camera 3, Camera 4
Failed Camera 2

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.

Local PC 3:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 1, Camera 3, Camera 4
Failed Camera 2

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.

Local PC 2:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 2
Failed Camera 1, Camera 3, Camera 4

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.

Remote PC:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 1, Camera 4
Failed Camera 2, Camera 3

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.
top

Application 3:

  1. Some IP cameras and the PCs are in LAN 1.
  2. The IP camera and the PC are in LAN 2.
  3. The IP camera is installed behind a different router in a remote location.
  4. Allow users to connect the VioStor from remote PC over the Internet.

Situation:

LAN 1:
Router 1 -> Camera 1, Local PC 1
Router 3 -> Camera 3, Local PC 3, VioStor

LAN 2:
Router 2 -> Camera 2, Local PC 2, VioStor

WAN:
Router 4 -> Camera 4, Remote PC

Please follow the steps below to install the VioStor.

  1. Plan the IP address and the port of the VioStor, the cameras, and the PCs.
    Network Device    IP Address/ Port  Mapped Port (HTTP) on the Router
    LAN 1 Public IP of the router 1 219.87.144.205  
    LAN IP of the router 1 192.168.1.1  
    VioStor 192.168.1.100:80 219.87.144.205:8000
    Camera 1 192.168.1.101:80 219.87.144.205:8001
    Local PC 1 192.168.1.200  
    Public IP of the router 3 192.168.1.150  
    LAN IP of the router 3 10.8.12.1  
    Camera 3 10.8.12.101:80 192.168.1.150:8002
    Local PC 3 10.8.12.200  
    LAN 2 LAN IP of the router 2 172.17.1.1  
    VioStor 172.17.1.11  
    Camera 2 172.17.1.12  
    Local PC 2 172.17.1.100  
    WAN Public IP of the router 4 89.97.5.123  
    LAN IP of the router 4 10.8.10.1  
    Camera 4 10.8.10.11:80 89.97.5.123:8003
    Remote PC 10.8.10.100:80 89.97.5.123:8004
  2. Install the IP cameras. Please refer to the user guide of the IP cameras for the network configuration.
  3. Configure the router/ virtual server/ firewall
    In this application, you have to configure the port mapping or virtual server of the routers in LAN 1 and LAN 2; and forward the ports to the corresponding LAN IP by the NAT router so that the VioStor can save the recording data from the remote IP camera and the remote PC can access the monitoring page over the Internet.
    Note:
    1. Some IP cameras delivers MPEG4 image via RTSP or RTP ports. If the IP camera is installed outside the router, you have to configure the RTSP and RTP ports on the router and theVioStor so that the VioStor can save the recording data from the IP cameras, e.g. Vivotek, Axis, D-link, GANZ, or LevelOne cameras that support MPEG4 streaming.
    2. In this sample, you must configure the RTP port setting on the router of LAN 1 and the RTSP port setting on the router of the internet. Please refer to FAQ. 515.
    3. RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol): The protocol for delivering video or audio data.
    4. RTSP (Real-Time Streaming Protocol): The protocol for controlling video or audio streaming media.
  4. Configure the port mapping or virtual server on the Router 1 in LAN 1
    HTTP port:

    From Forward to
    219.87.144.205:8000 192.168.1.100:80
    219.87.144.205:8001 192.168.1.101:80
    RTP port: Configure the port for VioStor to receive remote video data from the Camera 4
    From Forward to
    219.87.144.205:6100 192.168.1.100:6100
    219.87.144.205:6101 192.168.1.100:6101
    219.87.144.205:6102 192.168.1.100:6102
    :
    :
    :
    :
    :
    :
    219.87.144.205:6259 192.168.1.100:6259
    Note: The default RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol) port range of the VioStor is 6100~6259. Please refer to FAQ. 515.
    The router's port forwarding:

  5. Configure the port mapping on the Router 3 in LAN 1
    HTTP port:
    From Forward to
    192.168.1.150:8002 89.97.5.101:80
    RTSP port: Configure the protocol for controlling video or audio streaming media from the Camera 3
    From Forward to
    192.168.1.150:5001 89.97.5.101:554
    Note:
    Please check the RTSP (Real-Time Streaming Protocol) port of the IP camera before configuring the port mapping on the router.
    Please refer to the user guide of the IP camera for its RTSP port settings.
  6. Configure the port mapping on the Router 4 in WAN
    HTTP port:
    From Forward to
    67.52.84.200:8003 10.8.10.11:80
    67.52.84.200:8004 10.8.10.100:80
    RTSP port: Configure the protocol for controlling video or audio streaming media from the Camera 4
    From Forward to
    67.52.84.200:5002 10.8.10.11:554
    Note:
    Please check the RTSP (Real-Time Streaming Protocol) port of the IP camera before configuring the port mapping on the router.
    Please refer to the user guide of the IP camera for its RTSP port settings.
  7. Install and configure the VioStor
    Enter the IP address of the camera in the "IP address" field of the "Camera Settings" page of the VioStor. Then enter the Public IP and the port number of the camera configured on the router in "WAN IP" and "Port" fields respectively on the "Camera Settings" page of the VioStor.
    1. Enter the settings of the IP cameras in LAN 1.
      Camera 1 "IP Address": 192.168.1.101 port 80
      "WAN IP Address": 219.87.144.205 port 8001

      Camera 3 "IP Address": 192.168.1.150 port 8002/5001
      "WAN IP Address": 10.8.12.101 port 80

      Note:The "Port" field refers to the HTTP and RTSP port. The default number of HTTP port: 80. To specify the RTSP port of the IP camera, add a slash (/) and RTSP port number after the HTTP port number.
    2. Enter the settings of the IP camera in LAN 2.
      Camera 2 "IP Address": 172.17.1.12
    3. Enter the settings of the IP camera in the Internet.
      Camera 4 "IP Address": 89.97.5.123 port 8003/5002
      "WAN IP Address": 10.8.10.11 port 80

      Note:The "Port" field refers to the HTTP and RTSP port. The default number of HTTP port: 80. To specify the RTSP port of the IP camera, add a slash (/) and RTSP port number after the HTTP port number.

Note:

  1. The "IP address" is for the VioStor to acquire the streaming from the VioStor directly and for browsing by LAN users.
  2. The "WAN IP Address" is for remote access to the monitoring page of the VioStor over the Internet. If your IP camera is installed behind the NAT router, enter the public IP address (or URL) and configure the port forwarding correctly.
  • The port 21 must be forwarded on the router in the following two situations:
    1. You use the alarm function of the remote IP camera (the alarm between the VioStor and the camera is delivered by FTP).
    2. You need to login the VioStor by FTP (port 21).
      From Forward to
      219.87.144.205:21 192.168.1.100:21
  • After changing the settings, enter the address in the browser to access the VioStor over the Internet: http:// 219.87.144.205:8000/
  • If you have configured port 80 to VioStor, enter the address to access the VioStor (the default port of HTTP is 80): http:// 219.87.144.205/
  • To use the DDNS service, enter the DDNS settings on the router, but not on the VioStor.

Conclusion:

Local PC 1:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 1, Camera 3, Camera 4
Fail Camera 2

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.

Local PC 3:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 1, Camera 3, Camera 4
Failed Camera 2

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.

Local PC 2:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 2
Failed Camera 1, Camera 3, Camera 4

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.

Remote PC:
Live View Function -

Status Camera
OK Camera 1, Camera 4
Failed Camera 2, Camera 3

Recording Function - Successful for all cameras.
 
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